...a ‘new, unfamiliar and ''non-textual''’ level which left the Communist Party struggling to deal with the phenomenon <ref>Fürst, Juliane, Stalin’s Las
[[File:Andrei Zhdanov.jpg|275px|thumb|right|Soviet state and party figure Andrei Zhdanov.]]
12 KB (1,691 words) - 15:11, 29 September 2019
...the purpose of making the funds or an equivalent value payable to a third party in another geographic location, or not in the same form.” ''Hawala'' is
...which are then settled through the formal banking sector, while impartial third parties monitor and enforce rules and regulations.
17 KB (2,403 words) - 12:32, 22 May 2019
...tutarse or in other words ‘to get a job through the influence of a third party with whom there is a close link'<ref>Academia Chilena de la Lengua. (2010).
9 KB (1,268 words) - 16:02, 17 May 2019
...ivate gain. Because of the elite’s abuse of their power in the communist party and the ever-increasing tax levels on the few privatized business on the is
13 KB (1,882 words) - 15:20, 29 September 2019
...ntances, co-workers, or people who got to know one another through a third party.
...f give and take. However, when a ''štela'' is established through a third party, there is more of an expectation to reciprocate immediately by ‘rewarding
15 KB (2,167 words) - 13:53, 23 May 2019
...tance of Clientelism and Informal Practices for Employment Among Political Party Members After 2000s - An Explorative Enquiry’, in Cveticanin, P., Mangova
...inforced certain individuals’ dependency on and loyalty to the Communist party system by guaranteed privileges and personal promotion – something that a
14 KB (2,008 words) - 13:41, 23 May 2019
...ent under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (comprised of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Greens) introduced a new programme for the exchange of person
12 KB (1,620 words) - 09:20, 22 May 2019
...n to change the constitution to legalise a third presidential term (the ‘Third Term Agenda’), many independent television stations reported cash-filled
...more ''egunje'' and other forms of inducement from political aspirants and party candidates. The danger is that the giver of the biggest ''egunje'', no matt
12 KB (1,783 words) - 11:56, 16 May 2019
...s to disseminate communist ideology by integrating them into the state and party structures. As a result, mahallas continued to serve as local village counc
12 KB (1,698 words) - 15:09, 17 May 2019
...the Soviet command economy and the pervasive interference of the Communist Party into the private sphere accelerated the spread of informal networks in Geor
12 KB (1,680 words) - 15:29, 17 May 2019
...ly linked to the ''kolkhoz'' (collective farm) workers or to the Communist Party officials. At the top, therefore, there was a Soviet system of governance,
...constantly moving from opposition to pro-government and back. The European party model has not taken root in Kyrgyzstan; the parties that function most acti
12 KB (1,789 words) - 20:28, 17 May 2019
...pass it to Sanader. The proceeds were used both to fund the HDZ political party, and for the personal enrichment of the individuals involved<ref>Vuletić,
...ddition to six individuals and FIMI-Media as a legal entity, the political party HDZ was also convicted. The individuals convicted included the former Prime
13 KB (1,788 words) - 12:08, 20 June 2019
...seminated subversive propaganda within the military, the Social Democratic Party, and the Stormtroopers.
...nt. (In fact he had, when a student and as a member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany [SED], collaborated with the Stasi, but he had openly and delibe
12 KB (1,736 words) - 21:00, 17 May 2019
...ictory. In addition, the weakness of Russian civil society, the absence of party politics, the underdeveloped culture of democracy and the volatile reputati
13 KB (1,957 words) - 09:23, 22 May 2019
...equest it, but is not allowed to transfer or lease the property to a third party.
13 KB (2,026 words) - 15:31, 17 May 2019
...[[:Category: Urban| Urban]] – [[:Category: Political party| Political party]] – [[:Category: Elite| Elite]] – [[:Category: Influence| Influence]]
[[Category: Political party]]
13 KB (1,738 words) - 16:04, 17 May 2019
...gory: Leadership| Leadership]] – [[:Category: Political party| Political party]] – [[:Category: Influence| Influence]] – [[:Category: Cash| Cash]]...
[[Category: Political party]]
13 KB (1,850 words) - 11:12, 16 May 2019
...opposed such movements. In 1989, the ruling Communist party allowed multi-party elections to take place in Bulgaria, which in turn, after the fall of the S
...shouting, chanting, and taking part in special choreographed movements. A third important person is the guardian of the flag, which is the distinguishing s
10 KB (1,522 words) - 11:56, 26 July 2019
...ountain. In both cases, too, it is noteworthy that the reference to a rope-party is not only ascribed by the media, but is also promoted by the groups’ ow
...in: if a single member acts recklessly, he or she can drag down the entire party.
11 KB (1,494 words) - 13:04, 23 May 2019
...ection time (Piper 2015<ref> Piper, Laurence. 2015. ‘From Party-State to Party-Society in South Africa: SANCO and the Informal Politics of Community Repre
...unicipalities switched from the ANC to the opposition Democratic Allowance party (Chipkin 2016<ref> Chipkin, I. 2016. ‘The decline of African nationalism
16 KB (2,150 words) - 13:33, 23 May 2019